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Most Common Causes of Lower Back Pain

Back pain can be extremely excruciating and unpleasant to have to cope with. It is most commonly felt in the lower back (medically known as the lumbar region) and can be caused by many different factors.

The majority of cases of lower back pain can be attributed to strained muscles and ligaments. Despite the mild nature of the injury, it can result in anything from a dull ache to a considerably severe and debilitating pain.

Lower back strain can be attributed to various factors:

  • Bad posture
  • Twisting the back awkwardly
  • Exercising too hard
  • Incorrect lifting techniques
  • Falling
  • Being overweight


These factors may result in very minor tears to the muscle tissue, which is known as a muscle strain. The surrounding tissue becomes inflamed and the back muscles go into spasm, causing pain. Pain is typically sudden in onset and localized and does not radiate into other areas as with sciatica (leg pain caused by conditions affecting the nerves of the spine).

The good news is that lower back strain usually resolves itself. Any severe pain felt usually relents quickly but may be replaced by a lower level of pain which lasts for several weeks.

Treating the injury with Heat or Ice/Cold Therapy application helps to control swelling and pain immediately after injury. Ice should be applied at least four times a day for 20 minutes. While the patient waits for the natural healing process to take place pain medication and anti-inflammatories may prove helpful to control the pain. Wearing a simple Back Support during exercise or using an Ergonomic Chair when seated for long periods can provide support to the lower back and help to improve posture, thus helping to prevent this problem from reoccurring.

Less frequent but more serious sources of back pain include:

  • Fracture
  • Slipped Disc
  • Osteoporosis
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis


As lower back pain can be a symptom of various different conditions, if pain persists it is worth visiting a GP or physiotherapist who will provide a correct diagnosis.

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